Warna-Warni Upaya Ketahanan Pangan Tanpa Daging Merah


Bagi sebagian orang, daging merah, dari sapi atau kambing atau lainnya, adalah keharusan dalam menu. Tapi dengan trend keterhuyungan bumi yang terus memburuk, dengan hasil cuaca-cuaca ekstrim dan pergerakan-pergerakan lempeng ekstrim, daging merah akan semakin langka dan mahal.

Alternatif-alternatifnya, yang akan menjadi menu keharuan di masa mendatang, adalah antara lain serangga (jangkrik, belalang, semut, kecoa, dan lainnya) dan cacing (cacing merah terutama) atau larva (maggot/belatung). [Baca: Alternatif Daging Sapi (Terkait Siklus Kekeringan dan Banjir Yang Bergantian, Akibat Nibiru, AKA Planet X)]

PBB sudah lama menyarankan sumber-sumber pangan ini, karena nutrisinya yang sangat tinggi.
What’s In a Bug? Lots of Healthy Nutrients http://healthland.time.com/2013/08/21/why-eating-bugs-is-good-for-you-its-about-the-nutrients/slide/grasshopper/ They’re similar to crickets, but grasshoppers have a shorter antenna and are more active during the day. Most commonly found and consumed in areas with grasslands, the writers of the U.N. report maintain that the critters are simple to cook, and especially tasty when roasted and seasoned with onion, garlic, chili or soy sauce. Their nutritional content makes them a hearty snack or addition to most meals.
Breed insects to improve human food security: UN report  http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2013/may/13/breed-insects-improve-human-food-security-un Farms processing insects for animal feed might soon become global reality as demand grows for sustainable feed sources - The best way to feed the 9 billion people expected to be alive by 2050 could be to rear billions of common houseflies on a diet of human faeces and abattoir blood and grind them up to use as animal feed, a UN report published on Monday suggests. Doing so would reduce the pressure on the Earth's forests and seas as food sources.
Could Grasshoppers Become a Stylish Snack Food? http://www.wired.com/2013/07/lepsis-grasshopper-growing-appliance While this seems dire by modern western standards, it could become the new normal. The UN estimates that by 2050, there will be nine billion people on Earth, and due to the industrialization of developing countries, the food system will need to double in capacity. Farming already uses up half of the earth’s habitable landmass, the majority dedicated to livestock, making linear expansion impossible. Current levels of livestock cultivation produce more greenhouse gasses than driving cars, making expansion perilous.
Demikian pula,  media-media massa luar maupun nasional mencanangkan hal ini.
Insects as Food for Humans http://www.si.edu/Encyclopedia_SI/nmnh/buginfo/inasfood.htm As one would expect, when insects are eaten (in other parts of the world) they are usually those that may be gathered in large numbers. Examples are social insects, such as ants, and especially termites, and locusts that migrate in hordes of millions of individuals. Some human societies actually utilize insects as a major source of protein.
Bugs as Food: Humans Bite Back http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2004/04/0416_040416_eatingcicadas.html In Thailand, open-air markets sell silkworms, grasshoppers, and water bugs by the pound. Movie theaters in South America sell roasted ants as snacks instead of popcorn, and Japanese supermarkets stock their shelves with aquatic insect larvae.
BUGGY RECIPES Insect Recipes http://www.manataka.org/page1083.html (Banana Worm Bread, Chocolate Covered Grasshoppers, etc) 
Banyak koki terkenal yang juga telah lama memanfaatkan serta mencanangkan makanan-makanan jenis itu. 
Worms As a Food Source for Humans http://www.livestrong.com/article/472699-worms-as-a-food-source-for-humans/ But, renowned chef David George Gordon wants to change peoples’ minds regarding insects and bugs and features worm specialties he calls Superworm Tempura with Plum Dipping Sauce, Fried Green Tomato Hornworm and Alpha-Bait Soup in his book “The Eat-A-Bug Cookbook."  
11 Edible Insects and How to Eat Them http://www.motherearthnews.com/real-food/edible-insects-zebz1305znsp.aspx Slugs, snails, crickets oh my! Join Miles Olson as he shares the ins and outs of gathering edible bugs for food.
Peralatan khusus untuk memasak belatungpun mulai didesain.
This Appliance Makes Gourmet Meals Out of Maggots http://www.wired.com/2013/08/this-appliance-makes-a-meal-out-of-maggots/ Can good design make insects more appetizing and prevent worldwide famine? Designer Katharina Unger thinks so and has invented a new kitchen appliance to test out her icky idea.Photo: Katharina Unger.
Bagi mereka yang belum mulai mengikuti trend yang sangat penting bagi survival umat manusia ini, ada banyak sumber informasi di internet maupun offline, tentu saja sudah banyak individu maupun kelompok yang telah berbagi keahlian mereka di youtube, website, blog, dan forum-forum. Berikut sedikit saja dari sekian banyak sumber tersebut. 

Warming Up Dengan Ternak Jangkrik, Cacing dan Larva
Teknik budaya jangkrik https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=teknik+budaya+jangkrik
Belatung Tak Pernah Ingkar Janji-Tabung Ajaib (I Iove Maggot Black Soldier) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R2iVJdo1IQw  
Teknik Budidaya Larva (mogot) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aFaVojmn82Y
Cara Belajar Budidaya Cacing Gratis http://carabudidayacacingtanah.blogspot.com/2015/05/cara-belajar-budidaya-cacing-gratis.html
Bercocok Tanam Mudah

Panduan Budidaya Jamur Tiram dan Penjelasan Tata caranya http://www.bestbudidayatanaman.com/2013/01/Panduan-Budidaya-Jamur-Tiram-dan-Penjelasan-Tata-caranya.html
Cara Budidaya Bayam (Complete Steps) http://1001budidaya.com/budidaya-bayam/ Penanaman bayam tidak melalui persemaian lagi. Biji langsung disebar dan dipelihara hingga besar. Mula-mula tanah diolah hingga gembur. Kedalaman pencangkulan untuk bayam cabut ialah 20 cm, dan bayam petik 30 cm. Lantas tanah dibuat bedengan berukuran lebar 1 m.
Menanam bayam dalam pot http://tongkat-batu-jadi-tanaman.blogspot.com/2013/10/menanam-bayam-dalam-pot.html
Cara budidaya bayam organik http://alamtani.com/budidaya-bayam-organik.html
Bagaimana cara Menanam Bayam organik? http://jokowarino.id/bagaimana-cara-menanam-bayam-organik/
Cara Menanam Anggur Di Dalam Pot Supaya Cepat Berbuah http://www.bestbudidayatanaman.com/2013/02/Cara-Menanam-Anggur-Di-Dalam-Pot-Supaya-Cepat-Berbuah.html
Hidroponik dan Aquaponic
Bagi yang ingin memulai hidroponik atau aquaponic dapat menengok sumber-sumber informasi berikut.
Cara Menanam Tanaman Hidroponik Sederhana [Gambar] https://justmyhobby.wordpress.com/2014/02/19/cara-menanam-tanaman-hidroponik-sederhana/#comments
Gubuk Aquaponik "Wana Wana" http://wana-wana-blogger.blogspot.com/2014/03/gubuk-akuaponik-wana-wana.html Blog yang satu ini mencatat perkembangan sang blogger dalam mulai membuat aquaponic, disertai gambar.
Tahapan Cara menanam hidroponik http://tipspetani.blogspot.com/2014/04/tahapan-cara-menanam-hidroponik.html
Jejaring Aquponik Nusantara https://plus.google.com/+JEJARINGAQUAPONIKNUSANTARA/posts
Bahan Makanan Pengganti Nasi
Ada berbagai jenis tanaman pangan biji-bijian (grain crops) yang dapat menggantikan nasi. Salah satu contohnya adalah hanjeli. 
Prof. Dr. Hj. Tati Nurmala, “Hanjeli Potensial Gantikan Padi” http://www.unpad.ac.id/profil/prof-dr-hj-tati-nurmala-hanjeli-potensial-gantikan-padi/ Prof. Tati  saat ditemui di Fakultas Pertanian, Jatinangor, Jum’at (24/05) lalu mengungkapkan, ada jenis serealia lain yang sudah sejak lama tumbuh di Indonesia seperti sorgum, jewawut, hanjeli yang ternyata sangat potensial dan tumbuh merata hampir di semua provinsi. Selain pemeliharaan dan penanamannya lebih mudah, dilihat dari segi kandungan nutrisinya juga tidak kalah dengan padi. Sayangnya, lanjut Prof. Tati, bahan pangan lokal ini masih langka, dan sebagai tanaman sumber karbohidrat selain padi, pamornya masih kalah dengan terigu. Padahal, untuk bahan pangan alternatif, aneka tanaman pangan lokal ini memiliki kadar gizi yang tidak kalah serta memiliki prospek yang baik untuk dikembangkan di Indonesia karena bisa tumbuh di lahan marjinal dengan iklim kering sekalipun.
Berikut rekomendasi-rekomendasi ZetaTalk untuk makanan tanpa, tapi setara dengan, daging merah, yaitu kombinasi antara sayuran yang mengandung lisina (lysine) tinggi dengan biji-bijian. 

Terjemahan bebas Without Meat, The ZetaTalk Newsletter Issue 307, Sunday August 19, 2012

Harga daging sapi, ayam, babi, dan ikan ternak akan meningkat di AS akibat kekeringan terkini, membuat sumber-sumber protein semakin tidak tersedia bagi banyak orang, karena biaya yang mahal. Rumput-rumput telah mengering lalu mati, sehingga tidak memungkinkan ternak merumput atau orang mengumpulkan rumput.

Tanaman biji-bijian atau padi-padian dan gandum-ganduman telah gagal, sehingga sapi yang diberi makan jagung mungkin akan menjadi masa silam, sedangkan ayam-ayam, babi (atau kambing, domba, sapi), dan ikan di kolam-kolam tidak hanya butuh udara dan air.


Chronic Drought to Become Commonplace, Scientists Warn, July 30, 2012 http://www.ctvnews.ca/sci-tech/chronic-drought-to-become-commonplace-scientists-warn-1.897746 Projections indicate that drought events of this length and severity will be commonplace through the end of the 21st century.
U.S. Ranchers Sell Cattle as Drought Spreads, July 24, 2012 http://www.ctvnews.ca/business/u-s-ranchers-sell-cattle-as-drought-spreads-1.890891 Cattlemen throughout the middle and western part of the U.S. also are selling animals they can't graze or afford to buy feed for. Beef from the animals now flooding livestock auctions will start showing up in grocery stores in November and December, temporarily driving down meat prices. But then prices are expected to rise sharply by January in the wake of dwindling supplies and smaller livestock herds.
Makanan tanpa daging akan menjadi prioritas. Para alien Zeta telah lama memperingatkan tentang kekurangan tanaman pangan di tahun-tahun sebelum Pergeseran Kutub.
Kekurangan pangan yang terus membesar di pelupuk mata telah diprediksikan dalam newsletter Issue 120 pada 15 Feb. 2009 dan kekurangatan tanaman pangan sebagai penyebabnya telah dilaporkan dalam newsletter Issue 165 di tahun itu juga, 27 Des. 2009.
Di awal hikayat ZetaTalk pada 1995, para alien Zeta telah mendesak rakyat jelata untuk mulai  berkebun, belajar cara menyimpan benih tanaman, beternak ayam atau kambing apabila memungkinkan, serta terbiasa dengan memenuhi kebutuhan sendiri (self-sufficient).

ZetaTalk Advice 7/15/1995: "Grup-grup yang telah mempersiapkan diri, dan mengandalkan diri mereka sendiri serta kebun-kebun yang mereka rawat dengan seksama, tidak akan mendapat diri mereka terjepit di antara kelaparan dan permusuhan-permusuhan. 
Untungnya, hasil bumi yang paling mudah ditanam adlah yang paling ekonomis sebagai bahan makanan. Manusia mau tidak mau harus kembali ke masa silam mereka yang belum lama ini dan mempelajari kembali pelajaran-pelajaran mereka."
ZetaTalk Prediction 7/15/1995: "Tentu saja, menuju bencana-bencana alam kataklismik, seluru hasil bumi akan gagal. 
Tanaman-tanaman pangan di rumah-rumah kaca akan berhasil melewati itu. Kebun-kebun di rumah, yang dirawat dengan seksama oleh mata yang awas, akan selamat.
Tetapi, tanaman-tanaman pangan pengasil uang yang banyak yang menyuplai pusat-pusat berpopulasi padat akan ditemukan sedikit saja di pasar-pasar, dan harga-harganya akan naik sesuai denga itu.
Kalau-kalau pembaca mengira bahwa bercocok tanam dan panen akan berlanjut seperti sebelumnya, mereka harus menyadari bahwa cuaca suram yang mengikuti sebuah bencana alam dahsyat akan sangat merusak vegetasi. 
Apabila vegetasi itu dapat bertahan melewati kekeringan yang mendahului bencana-bencana alam kataklismik dan hujan batu es dan badai-badai apidan angin-angin kencang yang terjadi selama bencana-bencana alam kataklismik, maka vegetasi itu pastilah akan bertahan dari banjir bah dan kurangnya sinar matahari yang hampir terus-menerus."
Mengapa sayuran yang kaya lysine itu penting?
Karena sayur-mayur dan tanaman biji-bijian (atau serealia) yang mengandung protein lisina memungkinkan menu vegetarian memiliki nilai protein yang sama dengan daging merah!
Lisina adalah protein yang perlu yang biasanya tidak ada dalam menu vegetarian.
Kacang kedele, polong-polongan (peas), kacang-kacangan (legumes), buckwheat, dan amaranth (bayam) adalah termasuk sayuran mengandung lisina yang direkomendasikan.

Amaranth http://www.aaoobfoods.com/graininfo.htm Amaranth has the highest lysine content of all the grains in this study with Quinoa coming in a close second. To make your whole wheat bread a complete protein, substitute about 25% of your wheat flour with Amaranth flour.  Just 150 grams of the grain is all that’s required to supply an adult with 100% of the daily requirement of protein.
Buckwheat http://www.aaoobfoods.com/graininfo.htm If you use half buckwheat flour with your wheat flour, the buckwheat's amino acids will round out the limiting amino acids in your wheat nicely, giving you a nearly perfect balance of the 8 essential amino acids. This particular balance between half wheat and half buckwheat flour is much more closely aligned to your dietary needs even than lean beef!!!
Protein http://www.veganhealth.org/articles/protein Legumes are the foods highest in the amino acid lysine. Tofu, tempeh, and soy meats are the highest, followed by other legume foods.
Yang harus dicatat adalah bahwa dengan mengombinasikan sayur dan biji-bijian, orang dapat membuat makanan yang setara dengan daging merah!
Ketimbang memberikan jagung Anda untuk ternak, demi mendapatkan daging mereka, tanamlah amaranth, lalu campurkan dengan jagung untuk menu makanan yang setara daging merah. Sederhana, dan pemanfaatan jagung yang jauh lebih efisien. 
Dalam cerita Finegan Fine (karya Nancy Lieder) ada bab tentang an orphanage, dimana ide ini dicanangkan. Kalau perempuan tua yang sudah kelelahan ini berhasil memberi makan anak-anak yang sedang tumbuh dengan makanan berprotein tinggi, Andapun dapat.

"The orphan mistress has graying hair, barely pinned on top of her head in a bun. Her dress is tattered and hanging on her body as though at one time she were somewhat overweight. She looks immensely weary, and walks as though she might not make the next step. She stops to take her breath and looks up at the visitors. Seeing them non-threatening, she raises a hand weakly, as though saying a "hello", and then walks forward toward the dining area. She takes a seat on the picnic table, sighing as though relieved to be off her feet. Taking a deep breath to gain her strength, she lifts her face to smile at the visitors and waves them forward to join her. She directs her charges. “Stir that fire and put on a pot. We'll serve some tea.” She leans back, having caught her breath, and continues to direct her young charges. “Honey, use that other pot. It has a spout. That's it.”

Finegan says, “These aren't all yours.” The startled orphan mistress responds, “Oh Heaven's no. I'd surely be in the ground if that was the case! Picked them up in Montgomery when the troubles hit. I was down there visiting, checking on some friends of mine that can't move around so good no more. After I buried them, heart attack and such, I was heading back home and found these kids just lost.  Been weeks, and no one came to collect them. Well, what could I do? We came home together. Been a blessing, these darlin's have been. A blessing.” Finegan's mouth drops open at this unexpected description of a dozen or more orphans, some obviously only toddlers when she collected them, being described by this exhausted woman as a "blessing". He catches himself as he realizes they are watching his reactions.

“I been at this business for some years. Planted corn and amaranth, being vegetarian and all. Don't need meat if you got those. Made a mix for the local organic outlets. Amaranth greens are a good salad too. Made my living at that. No need to plow if you keep the weeds down regular. Just re-seed.” The orphan mistress waves in the direction of the wall of young children clustered behind her, each clutching a cup of tea. “These are the best little weed pickers I ever seen. You pull a weed up, the grubs and beetles fall out, and the chickens clean them up. You go down the rows and knock the bugs off the plants, and the chickens foller along and clean them up. What's left is our produce, bug free, and eggs. We got lots of eggs.”"